General Policy Research
Seattle Jobs Initiative conducts research in a variety of other areas related to our work, including workforce development best practices and systems-building, funding for employment and training, local demographics (relevant to employment and educational attainment of the local low-income population) and policy issues.
OUR LATEST REPORTS
SNAP E&T – Opportunities for Alignment with WIOA, September 2016 (PDF, 2.96MB)
SJI’s latest brief builds on our long-standing efforts to facilitate the growth of robust, job-driven SNAP E&T programs throughout the U.S., and particularly programs that utilize a third-party partnership model supported by SNAP E&T 50 percent reimbursement (50-50) funds.
The brief presents an examination of the initial impact, if any, on States’ SNAP E&T programs of the passage of WIOA and the opportunity it afforded States to develop new plans for their public workforce systems that align programs such as SNAP E&T with WIOA-supported core programs. It reviews State workforce plans that include SNAP E&T as a partner program. It also presents as a case study the approach of Tennessee, a State that has taken important steps to better align its growing SNAP E&T program with WIOA, both at a strategic and an operational level. Finally, the brief discusses the policies relevant to the alignment of WIOA and SNAP E&T as well as suggestions for integrating these programs in a way that is beneficial to the expansion of job-driven SNAP E&T programs.
SJI’s latest research explains the latest thinking on how people’s decisions and actions are influenced by poverty, and outlines research-driven strategies that workforce providers can use to respond, including:
- Providing decision-making, goal-setting, and planning supports
- Removing hassles and using channel factors
- Using reminders
- Using public and private commitments
- Using default options or prompted choices
- Categorizing or grouping choices
- Providing appropriate anchor or reference points
- Framing choices around gains and loss
- Providing early rewards
- Priming positive identities
- Using social proof and social influence
- Providing communications, workshops, or tutorials on the brain and learning
This latest research by SJI examines the impact of benefits cliffs — rapid phase outs of public benefits such as housing, child care and health care — on low-income Washington families. Our goal is to support workforce and social service providers in their efforts to better help these families to navigate the potential loss of benefits as they assist them to make earnings gains. The research:
- Presents a general overview of the public benefits system in the U.S.
- Details the specific benefits programs available to low-income individuals and families in Washington State.
- Provides a close examination of how benefits cliffs impact the net income of a variety of family types in Washington as their annual earnings increase.
- Presents a set of policy and practical recommendations for workforce development stakeholders to mitigate the impact of benefits cliffs.
Improving Career Navigation Services: Considerations for the Workforce Development Community in Seattle, February 2015 (PDF, 889KB)
In this research report, Seattle Jobs Initiative explores the key foundations of successful career navigation, examines different navigation services and approaches from around the country, and looks at the role of front-line workers charged with delivering navigation. The report also looks at the challenges of implementing career navigation approaches and offers fresh ideas about the workforce development community in Seattle can improves it career navigation systems and services.
Municipal Financing of Workforce Development: Considerations for the City of Seattle, October 2014 (PDF, 1.2 MB)
With the heightened role of metropolitan areas as competitors in the global market place and diminishing investment by employers, states and the federal government in workforce programs, cities have a growing part to play in developing their human capital. In this research brief, Seattle Jobs Initiative looks at how cities are funding workforce development services utilizing creative financing tools such as tax levies, bonds and real estate linkage fees. The research examines how the City of Seattle currently raises revenues for city programs and specific options it might explore to finance workforce development.
Washington State’s Basic Food Employment & Training Program, June 2014 (PDF, 1.2MB)
This research provides an in-depth “insider’s” account of Washington State’s unique third-party match SNAP E&T program, Basic Food Employment & Training (BFET). BFET is viewed as a model for the nation in creatively and significantly expanding skills training for the state’s low-income Basic Food (SNAP) population by building on the service delivery capacity of community colleges and community-based workforce training providers. Launched as a small, Seattle-based pilot in October 2005, BFET has grown in a short time period to a $30 million statewide program involving all 34 of the state’s community colleges and more than 30 community-based organizations serving nearly 30,000 participants. This research explains in detail how BFET was developed and brought rapidly to scale, how it is administered, how it is being utilized by community colleges and community agencies to expand skills training, its challenges and best practices. The over-arching objective of this report is to provide information to help spur well-considered expansion of SNAP E&T programs by other states and localities, supporting employment and training services that lead many more low-income/low-skill residents to advance out of poverty.
- Beyond the Headlines
BEYOND THE HEADLINES
In 2011, SJI launched its new Beyond the Headlines briefs. These briefs get underneath the latest reports on the economy, labor market, education and training — and what they mean for low-skill individuals.
The latest edition of Beyond the Headlines takes a look at the demographics of Seattle’s unemployed population.
- Who are Seattle’s Unemployed?, February 2016 (PDF, 591KB)
- Aid Like a Paycheck: New Concept in Financial Aid May Help Students with Money Management & Mental Bandwidth, September 2015 (PDF, 558KB)
- Mindset Interventions: Less Than One Hour Online May Change a Community College Student’s Trajectory, August 2015 (PDF, 597KB)
- The Impact of Unaffordable Housing on Low-Income Households, July 2015 (816KB)
- Have Construction Jobs Returned to the Seattle Region?, May 2015 (PDF, 720KB)
- The State of Families and Child Care Access in Seattle, April 2015 (PDF, 648KB)
- Consequences of Seattle’s Income Inequality, February 2015 (PDF, 647KB)
- One Reason Why Jobseekers Aren’t Getting Hired: The Decline of On-the-Job Training, January 2015 (PDF, 621KB)
- The Rise of Temporary Work in Seattle & Washington State, December 2014 (PDF, 569KB)
- Locating Middle-Wage Jobs in Seattle, October 2014 (PDF, 578KB)
- The Return of Middle-Skill Jobs in Seattle, September 2014 (PDF, 455KB)
- A Look at Seattle’ Shifting Income Inequality Picture, July 2014 (PDF, 405KB)
- Labor Force Participation & Unemployment: What It Means For Seattle’s Economic Recovery, June 2014 (PDF, 414KB)
- Educational Attainment Among South Seattle High School Graduates, May 2014 (PDF, 486KB)
- Seattle’s Workforce & the Impacts of a $15 Minimum Wage, March 2014 (PDF, 378KB)
- Seattle’s Economic Share in the Region, February 2014 (PDF, 356KB)
- Mid-Wage Jobs: Slow Recovery Means Growing Income Inequality, January 2014 (PDF, 351KB)
- A Look Back: Beyond the Headlines 2013, December 2013 (PDF, 503KB)
- The Millennial Generation: Missing Labor Market Opportunity, November 2013 (PDF, 328KB)
- International Survey of Skills Shows U.S. Adults Are Lagging Behind, October 2013 (PDF, 365KB)
- Location Quotient: What Industries Make Up the Core of Seattle’s Economic Base, September 2013 (PDF, 256KB)
- Middle-Wage Occupations: Job Openings & Aging Workers, August 2013 (PDF, 319KB)
- Success Story: Washington’s Basic Food Employment & Training (BFET) Program, June 2013 (PDF, 356KB)
- New Data on Working Poor Families and Employment Conditions in Washington State, May 2013 (PDF, 685KB)
- A Snapshot of Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Force, April 2013 (PDF, 446KB)
- The Latest Jobs Report: Two Key Factors Paint a Mixed Picture, March 2013 (PDF, 264KB)
- A New Look At “Middle Jobs”, January 2013 (PDF, 322KB)
- South King County’s Growing Need for Workforce Investment, October 2012 (PDF, 275KB)
- The Impact of Impending Sequestration on Federal Workforce Funding, September 2012 (PDF, 254KB)
- Occupational Employment by Wage Level in King County, August 2012 (PDF, 360KB)
- Industry Sectors in Seattle — The Past Decade, July 2012 (PDF, 691KB)
- Taking Stock of the Recession’s Impact by Race/Ethnicity, June 2012 (PDF, 307KB)
- Adult Basic Ed Students Feel the Impact of State Budget Cuts, May 2012 (PDF, 300KB)
- New Restrictions to Pell Funding Impact Low-skill Community College Students, April 2012 (PDF, 280KB)
- Educational Attainment, Employment and Incarceration PART II, March 2012 (PDF, 293KB)
- Educational Attainment, Employment and Incarceration PART I, February 2012 (PDF, 254KB)
- Community Colleges: The Cost of Dropping Out, January 2012 (PDF, 250KB)
- A Look Back: Beyond the Headlines 2011, December 2011 (PDF, 705KB)
- Unemployment & Underemployment, November 2011 (PDF, 360KB)
- A Gendered Recession and Recovery, October 2011 (PDF, 490KB)
- American Jobs Act — Washington, September 2011 (PDF, 288KB)
- When Does a College Degree Pay Off? PART II, August 2011 (PDF, 281KB)
- When Does a College Degree Pay Off? PART I, August 2011 (PDF, 238KB)
- Poverty in Seattle, July 2011 (PDF, 531KB)
- Seattle Occupational Trends — During and Since the Great Recession, June 2011 (PDF, 221KB)
- Washington’s Education Pipeline: A Picture of Why We Must Do Better, May 2011 (PDF, 200KB)
- The Federal Budget: Cuts to Workforce Programs a Continuing Trend, May 2011 (PDF, 245KB)
- The Great Recession: Taking Stock of Jobs Gained, Jobs Lost PART II, April 2011 (PDF, 280KB)
- The Great Recession: Taking Stock of Jobs Gained, Jobs Lost PART I, March 2011 (PDF, 250KB)
- Policy Updates
This document provides an overview of recent legislation related to workforce and supporting low-income individuals in Washington State.
- 2012 Legislative Update, May 2012 (PDF, 141KB)
- BF E&T and SNAP E&T
BF E&T and SNAP E&T
Lessons Learned from the King County Basic Food Employment & Training (BF E&T) Pilot:
- Lessons Learned: 6 Month Evaluation, August 2006 (PDF, 352KB)
- Lessons Learned: 6 Month Evaluation Attachment (Program Descriptions), August 2006 (PDF, 234KB)
- Lessons Learned: 18 Month Evaluation, August 2007 (PDF, 254KB)
- Lessons Learned from Massachusetts, Texas, San Francisco and Wisconsin, August 2007 (PDF, 785KB)
- Peer Learning Group
In 2008, SJI began convening the Peer Learning Group, a gathering of community-based organizations and community colleges, that has been focused on approaches to increase access, persistence and completion of college programs among low-income adults. Over the last four years, the Peer Learning Group has developed a definition of career and college navigation and has been instrumental in the creation of navigation tools to support community-based providers and college staff with supporting low-income adults as they enroll and begin programs at local community colleges. Currently, the Peer Learning Group is exploring navigation practices and discussing ways to better integrate the efforts underway in the community as well as at the colleges.
One of the first goals of the Peer Learning Group was to make recommendations on what system-wide college prep course would look like. The following report, released in February 2009, includes recommendations from that collaboration.
SJI’s recent report, A Portrait of Seattle’s Low-Income Working Population, aims to paint a broad picture of those low-income individuals with the ability to benefit from education, job skills training, and better access to career pathways in Seattle. Specifically, this work takes a closer look at Seattle’s low-income working population – working adults earning less than 200% of the Federal Poverty Level. By gaining a deeper understanding of this population, both SJI and organizations like it can understand the potential extent of their reach, allowing for more targeted approaches to education and training at both programmatic and systematic levels.
- A Portrait of Seattle’s Low-Income Working Population, December 2011 (PDF,674KB)