For the past 15 years, SJI has been an active supporter of the expansion of high-quality SNAP E&T programs in Washington State and across the U.S. An important part of our work is to develop and provide SNAP E&T research and tools to support states and other stakeholders in this work.

SNAP E&T Research

Need a quick refresher on SNAP E&T? This primer provides a brief overview of the program including funding streams, program eligibility and referral, allowable services, and key terminology. It is a good resource for anyone wanting to explain how the program generally works.

The Guide is a playbook for advocates that seeks to provide them insight and ideas for their efforts to move States to take steps to develop and expand skills-based Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Employment & Training (SNAP E&T) in their States that effectively help SNAP participants advance to self-sufficiency. The Guide includes some general advocacy strategies as well as practical information on some of the common roadblocks that may be preventing States from moving forward with building quality SNAP Employment and Training programs. It also includes key messaging on SNAP E&T that may be effective in getting State SNAP agencies to act to expand their programs, and/or in building champions for SNAP E&T who can move States to act.

SNAP Employment and Training Tools:

The brief presents an examination of the initial impact, if any, on States SNAP E&T programs of the passage of WIOA and the opportunity it afforded States to develop new plans for their public workforce systems that align programs such as SNAP E&T with WIOA-supported core programs. It reviews State workforce plans that include SNAP E&T as a partner program. It also presents as a case study the approach of Tennessee, a State that has taken important steps to better align its growing SNAP E&T program with WIOA, both at a strategic and an operational level. Finally, the brief discusses the policies relevant to the alignment of WIOA and SNAP E&T as well as suggestions for integrating these programs in a way that is beneficial to the expansion of job-driven SNAP E&T programs.

The brief outlines recommendations learned from SJI and NSC’s work in 2015 with Iowa, Connecticut, Maryland, and Oregon, as well as identifies common challenges in developing skills-based SNAP E&T programs and how state agencies can address them.

SJI has also developed a comprehensive training Toolkit for developing and operating skills-based SNAP Employment and Training programs, based on the success of Washington’s BFET program. Our Sample Toolkit includes the table of contents and a few sections of this step-by-step, resource-rich guide. Interested in the full Toolkit? Contact David Kaz, (206) 628-6974 or

In 2014, SJI completed a definitive overview of Washington State’s BFET program funded by the Annie E. Casey Foundation. This paper provides a history of the program’s initial development and growth; a detailed look at how the program operates; an overview of its outcomes; and a set of best practices and recommendations for other states considering expanding their own SNAP E&T programs.

In addition, as part of our work with the National Skills Coalition, SJI co-authored a SNAP E&T Best Practices brief that provides a quick overview of what makes effective SNAP E&T programs.

On July 8, 2014, National Skills Coalition hosted this webinar on the potential of SNAP E&T and how state and local communities can best capitalize on this largely untapped resource. Panelists included: Rachel Gragg, National Skills Coalition; Ed Bolen, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities; Rick Krauss, Consultant, formerly with the Washington State Board for Community & Technical Colleges; Laura Rowley, Seattle Jobs Initiative; and Dr. David Stout, State of South Carolina.